Holistic lighting design  |  All-LED lighting  |  Revolutionising fast fashion lighting  |  Bespoke lighting design for global flagship stores




UK & International flagship stores


Reggiani Lighting, iGuzzini Lighting, Unibox, Moooi, LED Linear


Architectural FX


3D Architects Ltd (now Prosper), Gensler, HMKM, Dalziel & Pow, TTG Architects, Jack Coughlan Associates

Over the last 10 years, LAPD has researched, designed and developed the lit environment for Primark.  In doing so, we have created vibrant lighting schemes to complement their ever-evolving store identity.

From a flat, 2000 lux average, we have simultaneously reduced wattages, lamp and luminaire types and ambient levels.  As a result, we created cleaner and more efficient schemes, with increasing levels of drama and identity.

Culminating in a series of European flagship stores, Primark’s lit environments are now as dramatic and exciting as the stores they light.

The Beginning

We began at their Oxford Street store, where we researched their existing flagship retail lighting design.  The lighting, heavily influenced by product aesthetics and convenience, was based on trial and error.  A highly visible part of the store environment, the lighting created an overlit, flat environment.  An extensive specification with many different lamp types complicated maintenance, procurement and cost schedules.

The learnings we took from here informed our recommendations for a trial store in Tooting.


Our first step was to dramatically reduce the breadth of the specification, reducing the number of lamp types by 50%.

Simultaneously, we worked to demonstrate the effectiveness of a lower ambient light level. The trial store at Tooting featured dimmable fluorescent fittings above walkways and sales floor.  Through the use of the dimmable fitting, we reduced the ambient level by 50%.  This allowed the accent lighting layer to appear, consequently highlighting merchandise and graphics.  In conjunction with the lower ambient light level, we were able to reduce the wattage of the accent lighting.  Dropping from 70W to 35W across the main sales floor saved a huge amount of energy.  We ensured that light output would not be sacrificed, using high performance reflectors which boosted light output ratios.

Perimeter lighting also saw a 50% reduction in wattage, from 150W to 70W.  The vertical surfaces of the perimeters were markedly brighter than the main floor.  Although this gave the perception of a brighter space, the new optics created contrast, making it more dramatic and exciting.

While these changes reduced ambient levels and energy consumption, we made minor adjustments to luminaire spacings.  The result was a 13% reduction in luminaire quantities.  The broader picture, however, was the creation of a dynamic lit environment.  Punchy accent lighting, overlaid over an appropriate, 1200 lux ambient level, revolutionised Primark’s store design.  This became the basis of all future Primark lighting schemes.

  • retail lighting design: Primark escalators


Following further improvements to the lighting of their UK stores, Primark asked us to work on their new European flagships, starting with Berlin in 2013 alongside Dalziel + Pow.  With a local narrative running throughout, the store required a series of unique elements within the lighting scheme.

With a predominantly open ceiling, a new array of track and spotlights gave the store maximum flexibility.  Finished in black so as to disappear into the dark ceiling space, the spotlights featured narrow and medium beams to create a balance between punchy accent light and forgiving infill.

A major change from previous stores was the omission of the fluorescent light over walkways.  Replacing the ambient array was a recessed trough, painted black internally and fitted with black track and narrow beam spotlights.  The removal of ambient light increased contrast and perceived brightness of the adjacent sales floor spaces.  At the same time, the narrow spotlights, centred over walkways, gave us opportunity to deliver focussed light to mannequins and displays on the walkway edges.  This highlight created a series of gateways to the main sales floor spaces, providing enticing, curated displays of merchandise.

Cast on to the wall within the atrium and vertical circulation space, a bespoke projection mapping of the city is the main element of the local narrative.  To ensure safe levels of light on the escalators without detracting from the projection, we specified narrow beam remote-controlled spotlights.  Mounted close to the soffit, they did not obstruct the projections, so cast no shadows.

The new lighting in the Berlin store realised a reduction in energy consumption from 55W per square metre to 20W per square metre, yet represented the pinnacle of Primark’s lit environments up to that point.


Running in tandem with the Berlin scheme, Dusseldorf’s flagship received a different unique feature – the Trend Room.  Here, mannequins dressed with the latest in Primark’s product lines are showcased beneath LED backlit ceilings and narrow beam spotlights.  Dusseldorf received the same sales floor and walkway lighting as Berlin.

Köln & The Hague

Köln and The Hague were the next high-profile stores for Primark, in 2014.  The stores featured massive storefront enhancements and a radical new feature luminaire concept above escalators, respectively.  They expanded on previous store concepts, introducing deeper levels of control and increasing the usage of LED sources within the sales floor environments.


In 2015, Primark opened their first small footprint, “boutique” store in Brussels.  Due to the scale and format, we were able to implement an all-accent scheme for the main sales floor.  While previous walkways were without dedicated lighting, the strong linearity of this one required a defining light treatment.  Dimmable LED battens set at different angles create a wave form, suspended above the walkway and animated via DMX control.


In 2015, Primark Gran Via launched on Madrid’s premier shopping street.  Restoring Madrid’s first department store to beyond its former glory, the Gran Via scheme marked a number of changes in the lighting scheme.  Firstly, the array of track was designed in direct response to the architecture.  The sales floor envelopes a huge octagonal atrium and the track layout echoes the resulting shapes on the sales floor.  With low ceiling heights throughout, we used smaller track-mounted luminaires than in previous stores.  Again using a mixture of narrow and medium beams and 35W metal halide, these were supplied in white or black, depending on their location within the store.

As the premises is a Listed Building, Spanish Heritage became heavily involved with all aspects of the design.  Due to the regulations around emergency lighting, LEDs account for 30% of the luminaires.  These allow for instant light in the event of an emergency.  These LEDs, supplied from the same range of luminaires, give a holistic aesthetic to the lighting layout.

The store was heralded upon launch and went on to win a slew of awards, including the 2017 Euroshop Awards Retail Design Award; 2017 Retail Design Awards Best Overseas UK Store Launch; and the ISG Retail Interior of the Year award.

Boston, USA

Beyond the landmark Gran Via store, Primark ventured into the United States, opening their first US flagship in the former Filene’s building in Boston.  Taking lessons from the European flagships while adhering to strict US guidelines and UL certification, the Boston store was a unique addition to the lively Boston retail scene.  An immediate success, the Boston store was the first of 9 American Primark properties.